firing clay

sawdust kiln

Sawdust Kiln Firing – How to Build a Brick Kiln for Sawdust Firing

A sawdust kiln is one of the easiest ways to fire clay at home.  The kiln can be made using a simple brick construction.  It can be used to bisque fire pottery, or to create lovely smoked effects on already bisque fired ware.  Here is an easy to follow step by step guide on how…

what is the second firing of clay called

What is the Second Firing of Clay Called? – Glaze or Glost?

The most common practice when making ceramics is to fire pottery twice.  The first fire is the bisque or biscuit fire.  But what is the second firing of clay called? The second firing of clay is called the glaze fire.  After the first fire, liquid glaze is applied to the bisque fired pottery.  This is…

what is the first firing of clay called

What is the First Firing of Clay Called? – Bisque, Biscuit or Bisc?

One of the first things that you will learn about firing clay is that it happens in two stages.  These two stages have different purposes.  This article is all about the first stage.  So, let’s look first at what the first firing of clay is called… The first firing of clay is called the bisque…

what happens to clay when it is fired

What Happens to Clay When it is Fired in a Kiln?

Usually, clay is fired two times.  The first time is the bisque fire and the second time is the glaze fire.  Clay undergoes changes during both of these firing processes.  And this article is all about what happens to clay when it is fired in a bisque and a glaze fire. In essence, when clay…

how long does it take to fire clay in a kiln

How Long Does It Take to Fire Clay in a Kiln? – Clay Firing Facts

When you are starting out in pottery, most likely someone else is firing your pieces.  Or perhaps you have a new kiln and you are wondering about firing schedules.  Either way, you are probably wondering, how long does it take to fire clay in a kiln?  This article is all about how long the firing…

how to fire clay at home

How to Fire Clay at Home – 7 Simple Ways to Fire Pottery

If you’ve started making pottery, you may be wondering how to fire clay at home.  The good news is that you don’t need a fancy art studio to fire your own pottery.  There are some simple, inexpensive ways to fire clay at home.  This article covers 7 ways of firing pottery and some of the…

what is glaze firing

What is Glaze Firing? – All About Glaze Firing Pottery

Firing clay is the process of turning it from clay into ceramic material.  Most of the time pottery is fired twice, and the second firing is called glaze firing.  So, what exactly is glaze firing? The first step in firing pottery is the bisque fire when clay turns into ceramic ware.  After the bisque fire,…

stages of firing clay

3 Stages of Firing Clay – A Beginners Guide to Firing Pottery

Firing pottery can seem like a mysterious process to the new potter.  There are lots of technical terms that can sound quite foreign.  So, I thought it would be helpful to write an overview of the stages of firing clay.  Here is a guide to the 3 stages of firing clay. There are 3 main…

what is a kiln sitter

What is a Kiln Sitter? – And How do Kiln Sitters Work?

When you are firing pottery in a kiln, you need to control the temperature that the kiln reaches.  You also need to control how long it takes for the kiln to reach that temperature.  So, what is a kiln sitter?  There are three main types of kiln controller.  They are the fully manual controller, the…

how long should glaze dry before firing

How Long Should Glaze Dry Before Firing? Drying Pottery Glaze

When I first started glazing my own pottery, I wondered how long should glaze dry before firing?  I was well aware that greenware can explode in the kiln if it is fired when damp.  But what about glazed bisque ware?  Glaze contains water, so does that water need to be given time to evaporate before…

how to use pyrometric cones

How to use Pyrometric Cones – Witness Cones Made Simple

Even if you use a kiln with an electric controller, it’s a good idea to use pyrometric cones when firing.  But there are different types of cones and these are used differently.  If you’ve just started firing your ware, you have probably wondered how to use pyrometric cones.  This article is all about how to…

types of kiln

11 Types of Kiln for Pottery – Different Kilns for Firing Clay

Kilns are insulated chambers that use fuel or electricity to reach high temperatures.  When something is heated in a kiln it is described as being ‘fired’.  There are different types of kiln to fire different materials.  For example, there are kilns designed specifically for ceramics, glass, metal, brick, metal clay, and enamels.  This article is…